Yale University Library

Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Beinecke Digital Collections

Guillaume Apollinaire

Photograph of Guillaume Apollinaire in spring 1916 after his shrapnel wound to the temple Guillaume Apollinaire (; August 26,1880 in Rome - November 9, 1918 in Paris) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish descent. His novels were mostly erotic.

Apollinaire is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the most impassioned defenders of Cubism and a forefather of Surrealism. He is credited for coining the term ''Cubism'' (1911) to describe the works of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, the terms "Orphism" (1912) to describe the works of Frantisek Kupka, and the term "Surrealism" (1917) to describe the works of Eric Satie. He wrote one of the earliest works described as Surrealist, the play ''The Breasts of Tiresias'' (1917), which was used as the basis for the 1947 opera ''Les mamelles de Tirésias''.

Two years after being wounded in World War I, he died in the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 at age 38.
Showing 1 - 13 of 13 for search: 'Apollinaire, Guillaume, 1880-1918', query time: 0.49s
View: List list Grid grid

Help

Expand Your Search

Search our local catalog, finding aids, and more.


Need assistance?

Ask a librarian.