Paul Abraham Dukas (; 1 October 1865 – 17 May 1935) was a French composer, critic, scholar and teacher. A studious man, of retiring personality, he was intensely self-critical, and he abandoned and destroyed many of his compositions. His best known work is the orchestral piece ''The Sorcerer's Apprentice'' (''L'apprenti sorcier''), the fame of which has eclipsed that of his other surviving works. Among these are the opera ''Ariane et Barbe-bleue'', a symphony, two substantial works for solo piano, and a ballet, ''La Péri''.
At a time when French musicians were divided into conservative and progressive factions, Dukas adhered to neither but retained the admiration of both. His compositions were influenced by composers including Beethoven, Berlioz, Franck, d'Indy and Debussy.