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Petrus Apianus (April 16, 1495 – April 21, 1552), also known as Peter Apian, Peter Bennewitz, and Peter Bienewitz, was a Germanhumanist, known for his works in mathematics, astronomy and cartography. His work on "cosmography", the field that dealt with the earth and its position in the universe, was presented in his most famous publications, ''Astronomicum Caesareum'' (1540) and ''Cosmographicus liber'' (1524. His books were extremely influential in his time, with the numerous editions in multiple languages being published until 1609. The lunar crater ''Apianus'' and asteroid 19139 Apian are named in his honour.