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T. S. Eliot

Eliot in 1934 by [[Lady Ottoline Morrell]] Thomas Stearns Eliot (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), "one of the twentieth century's major poets", was also an essayist, publisher, playwright, and literary and social critic. Born in St. Louis, Missouri to a prominent Boston Brahmin family, he moved to England in 1914 at the age of 25 and would settle, work, and marry there. He became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, subsequently renouncing his American passport.

Eliot attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (1915), which was seen as a masterpiece of the Modernist movement. It was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including ''The Waste Land'' (1922), "The Hollow Men" (1925), "Ash Wednesday" (1930), and ''Four Quartets'' (1943). He was also known for his seven plays, particularly ''Murder in the Cathedral'' (1935) and ''The Cocktail Party'' (1949). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948, "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry".
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