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The [[Bust (sculpture)|bust]] was identified for a very long time with the [[Roman philosopher]] [[Seneca the Younger]], but it may actually represent Hesiod. Hesiod (; ''Hēsíodos'') was a Greek poet generally thought by scholars to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer. He is generally regarded as the first written poet in the Western tradition to regard himself as an individual persona with an active role to play in his subject. Ancient authors credited Hesiod and Homer with establishing Greek religious customs. Modern scholars refer to him as a major source on Greek mythology, farming techniques, early economic thought (he is sometimes considered history's first economist), archaic Greek astronomy and ancient time-keeping.
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