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Nicolas Isouard

Nicolas Isouard. Nicolas Isouard (also known as ''Nicolò'', ''Nicolò Isoiar'' or ''Nicolò de Malte''; 16 May 1773 in Porto Salvo, Valletta, Malta – 23 March 1818 in Paris) was a French (Maltese born) composer.

Isouard studied in Rabat or Mdina with Francesco Azopardi, in Palermo with Giuseppe Amendola, and in Naples with Nicola Sala and Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi. From 1795 he was organist at ''St. John de Gerusalemme'' in Valletta at the Conventual Church of the Order of Saint John, ''San Giovanni di Malta''.

He moved to Paris, where he worked as a free composer and befriended composer Rodolphe Kreutzer. The pair worked together on several operas, including ''Le petit page ou La prison d'état'' (1800) and ''Flaminius à Corinthe'' (1801). Isouard adopted the pseudonym Nicolò (or Nicolò de Malte) and found rapid success in the field of opéra comique with ''Michel-Ange ''(1802) and ''L'intrigue aux fenêtres'' (1805). He composed regularly for the ''Théâtre de l'Opéra-Comique'', writing some thirty works for them.

He composed masses, motets, cantatas, romances, and duos, along with over 45 operas.

Isouard had two daughters, Sophie-Nicole (1809–?), a composer of romances, and Annette-Julie (1814–1876), a pianist and composer. His brother Joseph (1794–1863) had a career as a singer and opera director before being named inspector of historic monuments in Rouen. Nicolas Isouard was buried in Notre-Dame-des-Victoires. A bust of the composer was placed on one of the facades of both the ''Théâtre de l'Opéra-Comique'' and the ''Palais Garnier'', and one of the main squares in Paris was given his name.
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