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New York Herald Tribune

The ''New York Herald Tribune'' was a newspaper published between 1924 and 1966. It was created in 1924 when the ''New York Tribune'' acquired the ''New York Herald''. It was widely regarded as a "writer's newspaper" and competed with ''The New York Times'' in the daily morning market. The paper won at least nine Pulitzer Prizes during its lifetime.}}

A "Republican paper, a Protestant paper and a paper more representative of the suburbs than the ethnic mix of the city", the ''Tribune'' generally did not match the comprehensiveness of ''The New York Times'' coverage, but its national, international and business coverage was generally viewed as among the best in the industry, as was its overall style. At one time or another, the paper was home to such writers as Dorothy Thompson, Red Smith, Roger Kahn, Richard Watts, Jr., Homer Bigart, Walter Kerr, Walter Lippmann, St. Clair McKelway, Judith Crist, Dick Schaap, Tom Wolfe, John Steinbeck, and Jimmy Breslin. Editorially, the newspaper was the voice for eastern Republicans, later referred to as Rockefeller Republicans, and espoused a pro-business, internationalist viewpoint.

The paper, first owned by the Reid family, struggled financially for most of its life and rarely generated enough profit for growth or capital improvements; the Reids subsidized the ''Herald Tribune'' through the paper's early years. However, it enjoyed prosperity during World War II and by the end of the conflict had pulled close to the ''Times'' in ad revenue. A series of disastrous business decisions, combined with aggressive competition from the ''Times'' and poor leadership from the Reid family, left the ''Herald Tribune'' far behind its rival.

In 1958, the Reids sold the ''Herald Tribune'' to John Hay Whitney, a multimillionaire Wall Street investor who was serving as ambassador to the United Kingdom at the time. Under his leadership, the ''Tribune'' experimented with new layouts and new approaches to reporting the news, and made important contributions to the body of New Journalism that developed in the 1960s. The paper steadily revived under Whitney, but a 114-day newspaper strike stopped the ''Herald Tribune''s gains and ushered in four years of strife with labor unions, particularly the local chapter of the International Typographical Union. Faced with mounting losses, Whitney attempted to merge the ''Herald Tribune'' with the ''Provided by Wikipedia
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