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Depiction of Virgil Publius Vergilius Maro (; traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil () in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He wrote three of the most famous poems in Latin literature: the ''Eclogues'' (or ''Bucolics''), the ''Georgics'', and the epic ''Aeneid''. A number of minor poems, collected in the ''Appendix Vergiliana'', are sometimes attributed to him.

Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His ''Aeneid'' has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome since the time of its composition. Modeled after Homer's ''Iliad'' and ''Odyssey'', the ''Aeneid'' follows the Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and reach Italy, where his descendants Romulus and Remus were to found the city of Rome. Virgil's work has had wide and deep influence on Western literature, most notably Dante's ''Divine Comedy'', in which Virgil appears as Dante's guide through Hell and Purgatory.
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