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Islamic laws, doctrines, prayers and literature : manuscript.

Islamic laws, doctrines, prayers and literature : manuscript.

Call Number:
Alternate Title:
Ādāb al-akl.
Language:
Date: 1767-1768.
Subjects:
Genres:
Type of Resource:
Description:
15.5 x 21.5 cm; written surface: 12.5 x 18 cm; 20-24 lines per page.
Binding: In dark brown leather binding, flap missing; central medallion on both covers; leaves are loose within the binding as usual with some Islamic bindings.
Colophon of An anecdote regarding the encounter of Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-ʻĀbid with al-Khaḍir and Ilyās: "Manqūl min kitāb al-Tādilī, raḍiya Allāh ʻanhu wa-nafaʻanā bi-barakātihi. Āmīn."
Colophon of Bāb al-ʻAql ḥujjat Allāh ʻalá khalqih. Colophon missinng. Ends with: "... wa-lā yuṣghī al-muʼmin al-ʻāqil li-khurāfat man yaqūlu al-maʻbūdāt al-bāṭilāt maʻa Allāh ka-al-aṣnām wa-al-Shams wa-al-Qamar hiya al-manfīyah li-annahā layst bi-ālihah li-ḥudūthihā wa-iftiqārihā wa-lā muthbitah li-wujūdihā wa-thubūtihā. Qāla Allāh taʻālá: 'Inna alladhīna tadʻūna min dūn Allāh ʻibādun amthālukum' wa-lam yaqul ālihah mithlī, wa-shattāna mā bayna mā istaghraqatʹhu al-ʻubūdīyah wa-bayna mā wajabat la-hu al-ulūhīyah. H. Wa-ṣallá Allāh ʻalá Sayyidinā Muḥammad wa-ālihi wa-ṣaḥbihi wa-sallama taslīman."
Colophon of Excerpts from Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān al-kubrá. Colophon missing. Ends abruptly with: Yanāmu bi-iḥdá muqlatayhi wa-yattaqī // bi-ukhrá al-aʻādī fa-huwa yaqẓānu nāʼimu. Wa-ghayruhu ..."
Colophon of Excerpts from Tuḥfat al-albāb fī ʻajāʼib al-buldān. Colophon missing. Ends with: "... Fa-lā taʻjaban yā hādhā mimmā raʼaytahu // fa-kullu umūr al-dunyā hādhā maṣīruhā. H."
Colophon of Kitāb Ādāb al-akl: Colophon missing. Ends with: "... wa-qāla ayḍan: ʻAjibtu li-man yadkhulu al-ḥammām ʻalá al-rīq thumma yuʼakhkhiru al-akl baʻda an yakhruja kayfa lā yamūtu. Wa-ʻajibtu li-man iḥtajama thumma bādara al-akl kayfa lā yamūtu. Wa-qāla ayḍan lam ara shayʼan anfaʻu lil-wabāʼ min duhn al-banafsaj yuddahanu bi-hi wa-yushrab."
Colophon of Kitāb Ādāb al-nikāḥ: "Wa-hādhā alladhī wajadnā fa-qayyadnāh min baʻḍ al-awrāq, wa-lam najid lahum [la-hā] awwalan wa-lā ākhiran wa-fīhim [wa-fīhā] batr wa-tamzīq min ṭūl al-zamān ʻalayhim [ʻlayhā]. Wa-ṣallá Allāh ʻalá Sayyidinā Muḥammad wa-ālihi wa-ṣaḥbihi wa-sallama taslīman. Wa-ākhir daʻwānā an al-ḥamdu lillāh Rabb al-ʻĀlamīn."
Colophon of Kitāb al-dumūʻ (folio 55a): "Intahá Kitāb al-Dumūʻ. Wa-al-ḥamdu lillāh wa-ilayhi al-rujūʻ. Wa-al-ṣalāh wa-al-salām ʻalá Sayyidinā Muḥammad dhī al-majd wa-al-maqām al-marfūʻ wa-ʻalá ālihi wa-aṣḥābihi ulī al-ikhlāṣ lillāh wa-al-khushūʻ. Wa-raḥima Allāh man allafahu wa-kātibahu wa-kāsibahu wa-qāriyahu wa-sāmiʻahu wa-mustaʻmilahu wa-li-man daʻā lahum bi-al-maghfirah wa-al-raḥmah. Wa-al-ḥamdu lillāh Rabb al-ʻĀlamīn. ʻĀm 1181."
Colophon of Miscellaneous Ḥadīths and advices: "Wa-hādhā mā wajadnāhu muqayyadan fa-qayyadnāh wa-lillāh katabnāh. Wa-ṣallá Allāh ʻalá Sayyidinā wa-Mawlānā Muḥammad wa-ālihi wa-ṣaḥbihi wa-sallama taslīman kathīran athīran ilá yawm al-dīn wa-al-ḥamdu lillāh Rabb al-ʻĀlamīn. ʻAlá [yad] ʻabdihi Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī al-Ḥassānī, ghafara Allāh la-hu. Āmīn ʻĀm 1181."
Colophon of Poem on the seven voluntary fasts in Islam. Colophon missing. Ends with: Wa-thālithu ayyām al-Muḥarrami innahu // jalīlun wa-ʻĀshurāʼu [wa-ʻĀshūrāʼu] fīhi aqāwilu."
Colophon of Questions and answers on Islamic law: "Kutiba hādhā min baʻḍ al-awrāq waqafa ʻalayhim [ʻalayhā] Sayyidī Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Tāghazūtī wa-ʻallama ʻalayhim [ʻalayhā] bi-ʻalāmatihi. Wa-naqalahā ʻabd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī al-Ḥassānī, ghafara Allāh la-hu. Āmīn."
Colophon of Tanwīr al-ghabash fī faḍl al-Sūdān wa-al-Ḥabash: "Kamula bi-ḥamd Allāh wa-ḥusn ʻawnih Kitāb Tanwīr al-ghabash fī faḍl al-Sūdān wa-al-Ḥabash taʼlīf al-Shaykh al-Faqīh al-Imām al-ʻĀlim Jamāl al-Dīn Abū al-Faraj al-Jawzī, raḥimahu Allāh taʻālá wa-raḍiya ʻanhu. Āmīn. Wa-al-Ḥamdu lillāh Rabb al-ʻĀlamīn ʻalá yad al-ʻabd al-mudhnib ʻubayd Allāh wa-aqall al-ʻabīd Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī al-Ḥassānī, ghafara Allāh la-hu, yawm al-Jumʻah ākhir )26) maḍat min Dhī al-Ḥijjah ʻām 1181 [14 May, 1768]."
In fair, small Maghribī script, in black ink on white paper; headings, keywords and markings in red; catchwords.
Incipit of An anecdote regarding the encounter of Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-ʻĀbid with al-Khaḍir and Ilyās: "al-Ḥamdu lillāh. Dhakara Abū Bakr al-Muṭawwiʻī ʻan Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-ʻĀbid qāl: Kuntu jālisan fī Bayt al-Maqdis ʻinda Bāb Sulaymān, ʻlayhi al-salām, yawm al-Jumʻah baʻda al-ʻaṣr, idh jāʼa ilayya shakhṣān, aḥaduhumā yushbihu khilqtuhu khilqatanā wa-al-ākhar ʻaẓīm al-khalq, kānat jabhatuhu ʻarīḍatan wa-kāna fīhā athar ḍarbah wa-sallamā ʻalayya ..."
Incipit of Bāb al-ʻAql ḥujjat Allāh ʻalá khalqih: "Bāb al-ʻAql ḥujjat Allāh ʻalá khalqih wa-huwa mālik al-qalb wa-amīr al-jasad wa-wazīr al-rūḥ wa-tarjumān al-ʻabd wa-bi-hi yaqaʻu al-tadbīr wa-tathbut al-ḥujjah. Wa-huwa ʻaqlān, ʻaql mawhūb wa-ʻaql maksūb. Fa-al-ʻaql al-mawhūb huwa alladhī wahaba Allāh ʻazza wa-jall lil-ʻulamāʼ yumayyizūn bi-hi al-ḥaqq wa-al-bāṭil, wa-al-ʻaql al-maksūb huwa alladhī ishtarakat [fīhi] jamīʻ al-khalāʼiq wa-uʻṭiya minhu lil-malāʼikah wa-banī Ādam wa-al-bahāʼim ..."
Incipit of Excerpts from Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān al-kubrá: "Wa-min kitāb Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān. Ḥarf al-Yāʼ. Yājūj wa-Mājūj, summū bi-dhālika li-kathratihim. Wa-qīl huwa ism Aʻjamī ghayr mushtaq. Qāla Muqātil: Hum walad Yāfit ibn Nūḥ, ʻlayhi al-salām. Wa-ammā qawlu man qāl anna Ādam nāma wa-iḥtalam wa-iltaṣaqa manīyuhu bi-al-turāb fa-tawallada minhu hādhā al-ḥayawān fa-mardūd bi-ʻadam iḥtilām al-anbiyāʼ ʻalayhim al-salām ..."
Incipit of Excerpts from Tuḥfat al-albāb fī ʻajāʼib al-buldān: "al-Ḥamdu lillāh. Dhukira fī Tuḥfat al-albāb fī ʻajāʼib al-buldān anna fī balad al-Sūdān ummah bilā ruʼūs wa-qad dhakarahum al-Shaʻbī fī kitāb Sīrat al-mulūk. Wa-qad dhakara anna fī bilād al-Maghrib ummah min walad Ādam kulluhum nisāʼ wa-lā yaʻīshu fī arḍihim dhakar ..."
Incipit of Kitāb Ādāb al-akl: "Kitāb Ādāb al-akl. Bismillāh al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm wa-ṣallá Allāh ʻalá Sayyidinā Muḥammad wa-ʻalá ālihi wa-sallama taslīman. al-Ḥamdu lillāh alladhī aḥsana tadbīr al-kāʼināt fa-khalaqa al-khalq wa-al-samāwāt wa-anzala al-māʼ al-furāt min al-muʻṣirāt fa-anshaʼa al-ḥayy wa-al-nabāt wa-qaddara al-arzāq wa-al-aqwāt wa-ḥafiẓ bi-al-maʼkūlāt qiwá al-ḥayawānāt wa-aʻāna ʻalá al-ṭāʻāt wa-al-aʻmāl al-ṣāliḥāt wa-al-ṣalāh ʻalá Muḥammad dhī al-muʻjizāt al-bāhirāt ..."
Incipit of Kitāb Ādāb al-nikāḥ: "Kitāb Ādāb al-nikāḥ. Bismillāh al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm wa-ṣallá Allāh ʻalá Sayyidinā Muḥammad al-Nabī al-karīm wa-ʻalá ālihi wa-ṣaḥbihi wa-sallam. al-Ḥamdu lillāh alladhī lā tuṣādifu sihām al-awhām fī ʻajāʼib ṣanʻatih majrá wa-lā tarjiʻu al-ʻuqūl ʻan awāʼil badāʼiʻihi illā wālihatan ḥayrá wa-lā tazālu laṭāʼifu ʻamalihi niʻmatan ʻalá al-ʻālamīn tatrá, fa-hiya tatawālá ʻlayhim ikhtiyāran wa-qahran ..."
Incipit of Kitāb al-dumūʻ: "Bismillāh al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm wa-ṣallá Allāh ʻalá Sayyidinā wa-Mawlānā Muḥammad wa-ālihi wa-ṣaḥbih wa-sallama taslīman. Qāla al-Shaykh al-Faqīh al-Imām al-ʻālim al-ʻallāmah Abū ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ʻAlī al-Jawzī, raḥimahu Allāh wa-raḍiya ʻanh: al-Ḥamdu lillāh alladhī ikhtaraʻa al-ashyāʼ bi-laṭīf qudratih wa-badīʻ ṣanʻatih fa-aḥsana fīmā ikhtaraʻa, wa-abdaʻ al-mawjūdāt ʻalá ghayr mithāl, fa-lā sharīka la-hu fīmā abdaʻ. Allafa al-laṭīf wa-al-kathīf min aʻdād āḥād al-jawāhir wa-jamaʻa li-yufrida bi-al-waḥdānīyah kull maṣnūʻ ..."
Incipit of Miscellaneous Ḥadīths and advices: "Wa-min baʻḍ taʼālif al-Aḥādīth: Man dakhala ʻalá marīḍ an yaḍaʻa yadahu ʻalá jabīnihi aw mawḍiʻ min jasadihi wa-an yadʻwa la-hu li-qawlihi, ʻalayhi al-salām: Mā min ʻabdin Muslimin yaʻūdu marīḍan lā yaḥḍuru ajaluhu fa-yaqūlu nasʼalu Allāh al-ʻaẓīm rabb al-ʻarsh al-ʻaẓīm an yashfiyaka wa-yuʻāfiyaka illā shafāhu Allāh ..."
Incipit of Poem on the sev
Abstract:
A collection of several works by different authors, on different Islamic subjects: 1. Poem on the seven voluntary fasts in Islam by an anonymous author (folio 1a). 2. Kitāb al-dumūʻ "Book of tears" (folios 1b-55a), also known by the title "Baḥr al-dumūʻ" (Sea of tears), on exhortation and repentance, by Ibn al-Jawzī (ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAlī, approximately 1116-1201), a prolific Ḥanafī scholar from Baghdad (Iraq). Copied in 1181 Hijrī (1767 or 1768). Name of copyist and place of copying not mentioned. 3. Miscellaneous anecdotes (folios 55b-57b). 4. Kitāb Ādāb al-akl "On the etiquette of eating" by an anonymous author (folios 57b-68a). 5. Kitāb Ādāb al-nikāḥ "On the etiquette of marriage and sexual intercourse" by an anonymous author (folios 68a-87b). Name of copyist and place and date of copying not mentioned. 6. Miscellaneous Ḥadīths and advices (folios 87b-100b). Copied by Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī al-Ḥassānī in 1181 Hijrī (1767 or 1768). Place of copying not mentioned. 7. Tanwīr al-ghabash fī faḍl al-Sūdān wa-al-Ḥabash. "On the virtues of Blacks and Abyssinians" (folios 101a-134b) by Ibn al-Jawzī, copied at the end of 26 Dhū al-Ḥijjah, 1181 (14 May 1768) by Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī al-Ḥasanī. Place of copying not mentioned. 8. A chapter (bāb) from an unidentified book by an unidentified author titled Bāb al-ʻAql ḥujjat Allāh ʻalá khalqih "Chapter of The mind is a proof of the existence of the Creator" (folios 135a-137a). 9. Questions and answers on Islamic law (folios 137b-139a) by al-Shaykh al-Ḥasan ibn Masʻūd al-Yūsī (1630 or 1631-1691), a prolific North African Islamic law scholar, a poet and "adīb" (litterateur). Copied by Muḥammad ibn ʻAlī al-Ḥassāni from leaflets marked by Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Tāghazūtī (could not be identified). 10. An anecdote from an unidentified work by Abū Bakr al-Muṭawwiʻī (could not be identified) regarding the encounter in Jerusalem of Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-ʻĀbid (could not be identified) with al-Khaḍir and Ilyās (two Heavenly entities), copied from a book by al-Tādilī (could not be identified) (folios 139b140a). Followed by an invocation "Duʻāʼ" (folio 140a). 11. Excerpts from Tuḥfat al-albāb fī ʻajāʼib al-buldān "Gift to the intellect regarding the wonders of countries" (folios 140a142b). Author and title could not be identified. Name of copyist and place and date of copying not mentioned. 12. Excerpts from Ḥayāt al-ḥayawān al-kubrá "On the life of animals" of Muḥammad ibn Mūsá al-Damīrī, 1341?-1405 (folios 142b-146b). Name of copyist and place and date of copying not mentioned.
Physical Description:
1 volume (147 leaves) ; 22 cm
Rights:
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Curatorial Area: Beinecke Library
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High Resolution (image/tiff)
Object ID: 10841781
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