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Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb : manuscript / ʻAbd al-ʻAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-Birjandī.

Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb : manuscript / ʻAbd al-ʻAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-Birjandī.

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Alternate Title:
Kitāb-i Sharḥ-i bīst bāb dar maʻrifat-i aʻmāl-i asṭurlāb
Creator: Birjandī, ʻAbd al-ʻAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn, active 16th century برجندي، عبد العلي بن محمد بن حسين، ناشط قرن 16.
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Description:
Title of Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb from folio 1a.
Romanization supplied by cataloger.
Incipit of Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb: "Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb. Muḥaqqiq mudaqqiq Mullā ʻAbd al-ʻĀlī Parjadī. Bismillāh al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm. Fātiḥat-i khiṭāb dar sih bāb va khātimat-i maqāl dar hamah-i ḥāl-i sipās ... Ammā baʻd, fa-yaqūlu al-faqīr ilá rabbihi al-hādī ʻAbd al-ʻAlī ibn Muḥammad al-Barjandī, sharaḥa Allāh ṣadrahu wa-atamma ʻalá samāʼ al-saʻādah badrahu ... bi-muṭālaʻat Kitāb Bīst bāb dar maʻrifat-i aʻmāl-i asṭurlāb ... sulṭān al-ḥukamā al-mutaʼallihīn, mukammil ʻulūm al-awwalīn, makhzan asrār al-ḥikam wa-al-kamāl min maṭliʻ al-anwār al-mayāmīn wa-al-saʻādāt Khawājah Naṣīr al-Ḥaqq wa-al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Ṭūsī ṭayyaba Allāh mashhadah ..."
Secundo folio of Sharḥ bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb: kih raqm-i zadah-i kalk.
Incipit of the Mathematical "lughz": "Hādhā lughz min al-Shaykh Bahāʼ al-Dīn, ʻalayhi al-raḥmah. Bismillāh al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm. Akhbirūnī ʻan ism kitābin aqalluhu min al-ḥurūf al-nūrānīyah wa-aktharuhu min ḥurūf al-zubālīyah, wa-aḥad niṣfayhi yukmilu al-rajul, wa-bi-al-niṣf al-ākhar takmulu al-shahādah ..."
Secundo folio of the Mathematical "lughz": al-Shams ʻan al-ufuq.
16.5 x 21 cm; written surface: 10 x 15 cm; 18-19 lines per page.
Binding: In red leather binding, some tooling to the covers.
In small naskh taʻlīq script, in black ink, on white paper; headings, keywords and markings in red; numerous notes on the margins; numerous astronomical and geometrical diagrams; catchwords.
On folio 1a: Short paragraphs about: Eclipse of the Sun and the Moon (in Arabic); Talismans (in Arabic); Simple way to know the hour of the day (in Arabic); Time spent by "Ahl al-Kahf" "the Seven Sleepers" (in Persian); Mathematical calculations on the beginning of the Hijrī year (in Persian); Quotation from a certain musician "Mūsīqī Mīrzā Muḥammad ʻAlī" (could not be identified) about arithmetic and astronomy (in Persian).
On the margin of folio 78b: "... fa-yaqūlu aḥwaj al-khalq ilá raḥmat rabbihi al-ghanī Muḥammad al-mushtahir bi-Bahāʼ al-Dīn al-ʻĀmilī, ʻufiya ʻanhu ..."
On folios 80a-80b: Some mathematical and geometrical notes and criticism of "al-Muḥaqqiq al-Dawwānī" (probably Muḥammad ibn Asʻad al-Dawwānī, 1426 or 1427-1512 or 1513), in Persian.
Colophon of Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb: "al-Ḥamdu lillāh awwalan wa-ākhiran, wa-al-ṣalāh wa-al-salām ʻalá Rasūlihi dāyiman mutawātiran. Qad faraghtu min taswīd hādhihi al-awrāq fī Dār al-Khilāfah al-Ṭahrān, fī al-Madrasah al-Nāṣirīyah, al-laylah al-Thulāthāʼ min Ramaḍān, fī sanat 1307 Hijrīyah, ʻalá ṣāḥibihā al-salām."
Translation of the colophon of Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb: "Praise be to God in the beginning and in the end. Prayer and peace be upon His messenger, continuously and repeatedly. I finished copying these leaflets at the Abode of the Caliphate, Tehran, at al-Madrasah al-Nāṣirīyah, on Tuesday night, 3 Ramaḍān, 1307 [1890] of the Hijrah [of the Prophet Muḥammad], may peace be upon Him."
Colophon of the Mathematical "lughz": "... Wa-linaqtaṣir ʻalá hādhā al-qadr min al-iṭnāb fī awṣāf dhālika al-kitāb, wa-al-ʻāqil yakfīhi al-ishārah, wa-al-jāhil lā yatanabbah bi-alf ʻibārah. Wa-al-ḥamdu lillāh awwalan wa-ākhiran. Tamm."
Translation of the colophon of the Mathematical "lughz": "... Let us limit ourselves to this much of verbosity in the description of that book, for the wise understands from a hint, but the ignorant cannot be alerted even with a thousand statements. Praise be to God in the beginning and in the end. It is completed."
بداية شرح بىست باب اسطرلاب: "شرح بىست باب اسطرلاب. محقق مدقق ملا عبد العالى پرجدى. بسم الله الرحمن الرحىم. فاتحة خطاب در سه باب و خاتمة مقال در همه حال سپاس ... أما بعد، فىقول الفقىر إلى ربه الهادى عبد العلى بن محمد البرجندى، شرح الله صدره وأتم على سماء السعادة بدره ... بمطالعة کتاب بىست باب در معرفت اعمال اسطرلاب ... سلطان الحکما المتألهىن، مکمل علوم الأولىن، مخزن أسرار الحکم والکمال من مطلع الأنوار المىامىن والسعادات خواجه نصىر الحق والدىن محمد الطوسى طيب الله مشهده ..."
آغاز دومىن برگه شرح بىست باب اسطرلاب: که رقم زده کلک.
بداية "اللغز" الرياضي: "هذا لغز من الشيخ بهاء الدين، عليه الرحمة. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. أخبروني عن اسم كتابٍ أقله من الحروف النورانية وأكثره من حروف الزبالية، وأحد نصفيه يكمل الرجل، وبالنصف الآخر تكمل الشهادة ..."
بداية الورقة الثانية لـِ: "اللغز" الرياضي: الشمس عن الأفق.
على هامش الورقة 78ب: "... فيقول أحوج الخلق إلى رحمة ربه الغني محمد المشتهر ببهاء الدين العاملي، عفي عنه ..."
خاتمة شرح بىست باب اسطرلاب: "الحمد لله أولًا وآخرًا، والصلوة والسلام على رسوله داىمًا متواترًا. قد فرغت من تسوىد هذه الأوراق فى دار الخلافه الطهران، فى المدرسه الناصرية، اللىله الثلاثاء من رمضان، فى سنة 1307 هجرية، على صاحبها السلام."
خاتمة "اللغز" الرياضي: "... ولنقتصر على هذا القدر من الإطناب في أوصاف ذلك الكتاب، والعاقل يكفيه الإشارة، والجاهل لا يتنبه بألف عبارة. والحمد لله أولًا وآخرًا. تم."
Abstract:
Collection of two treatises. 1. Sharḥ-i bīst bāb-i asṭurlāb (folios 1b-78b), "Commentary on Twenty chapters of the astrolabe" (in Persian), a treatise on the astrolabe (a medieval astronomical instrument used to observe the position of celestial bodies) by ʻAbd al-ʻAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-Birjandī (active 16th century), an astronomer and a Ḥanafī "faqīh" (Islamic law scholar), who wrote in both Arabic and Persian, being a commentary on Bīst bāb dar maʻrifat-i aʻmāl-i asṭurlāb "Twenty chapters on knowing the uses of the astrolabe" of Naṣīr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ṭūsī (1201-1274), a prolific author in many disciplines and the leading scholar at the court of the Mongol ruler Hulagu Khan (Hülegü, 1217-1265) in Marāghah (Āz̲arbāyjān-i Khāvarī, Iran). Copied on Tuesday night, 3 Ramaḍān, 1307 Hijrīyah (23 April, 1890) at al-Madrasah al-Nāṣirīyah, in Tehran (Iran). Name of copyist not mentioned (probably "Mullā ʻAbd al-ʻAlī Parjadī" who is mentioned in the incipit, but this could be a distortion of the name of the author "ʻAbd al-ʻAlī al-Birjandī"). 2. Followed by a short Arabic treatise (folios 78b-79b), a mathematical "lughz" (riddle or puzzle), by al-Shaykh Bahāʼ al-Dīn (Bahāʼ al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-ʻĀmilī, 1547-1621), a Shīʻī scholar, who wrote in both Arabic and Persian on different subjects including mathematics and astronomy, born in Baʻalbak (Baʻlabakk, Lebanon) and lived and died in Iṣfahān (Iran). Name of copyist not mentioned, probably by the copyist of the first manuscript, and on the same date and in the same place.
Physical Description:
1 volume (80 leaves) ; 22 cm
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Curatorial Area: Beinecke Library
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Object ID: 10844022
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